Ahmadiyya History

Claim of the Promised Messiah

One notion that is put forward is that by claiming to be a prophet, the Promised Messiah, peace be on him, put himself outside the pale of Islam inasmuch as his claim was inconsistent with the verse of the Holy Quran which describes the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, as Khataman Naibiyyeen (33:41)
It should be clearly grasped that the Founder of the Ahmadiyya Movement has certainly not claimed to be a prophet in accordance with the concept of prophethood which is entertained by some of the Muslim divines and is commonly current among Muslims. It is considered that a prophet is one who brings a new law or is not the Follower of a previous prophet, but is a prophet in his own right.
The Promised Messiah, peace be on him, has clearly and emphatically denied being such a prophet. For instance, he has said:
All prophethoods, except the Mohammedi prophethood, are now closed. No prophet can arise even without a law but only one who is a follower of the Holy Prophet. (Tajalliat Ilahiyah, p 25)
He has repeatedly announced that he is not a law-bearing prophet and that he is a follower of the Holy Quran. He has disclaimed being a prophet in his own right and his claim is confined to being the Mahdi and the Messiah. He affirms his being a servant of the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, and his follower and that all grace bestowed upon him is on account of his devotion to the Holy Prophet and that he has been raised in accordance with the prophecies and promises of the Holy Prophet. For instance, he has said:
It is not permissible to apply the title prophet to anyone after the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, unless such a person is also described as a follower of the Holy Prophet, which means that he has been bestowed all bounties on account of his devotion to the Holy Prophet and not directly on his own. (Tajalliat Ilahiyyah, p. 9)
Again, he has said:
I cannot acquire any degree of honor or excellence, nor any station of exaltation or nearness to God except through sincere and perfect obedience to the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, Whatever is bestowed upon me is by way of reflection of, and through, the Holy Prophet. (Izlah Auham, p. 138)
He has declared:
All windows opening on to prophethood have been closed except the window accessible to a siddique, that is to say, the window of complete and perfect devotion to the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him. (Ek Ghalati Ka Izalah, p. 3)
Again, he has declared:
By the pure grace of God and not by any merit of my own, I have been bestowed a perfect portion of the bounty which was bestowed before me on the Prophets and Messengers and the elect of God. It would not have been possible for me to be bestowed this bounty unless I had followed my lord and master, the pride of the prophets, the best of mankind, Hazrat Mohammed Mustafa, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him. Whatever I have been bestowed has been bestowed upon me on account of this obedience. I know through my true and perfect knowledge that no human being can approach God or acquire perfect understanding of the Divine except through following the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him. (Haqeeqatul Wahi, p. 62)
Again, he has declared:
God, Who was aware of the secret of the heart of the Holy Prophet, exalted him above all the Prophets and all mankind who were before him or might come after him and granted him all his objectives in his lifetime. He is the fountainhead of all grace and anyone who claims any excellence without confessing his obligation to him is not a human being but is progeny of Satan, for the key of every excellence has been bestowed upon him and the treasure of all understanding has been granted to him. He who does not achieve through him is deprived forever. What am I and what is my reality? I would be ungrateful if I were not to confess that I have discovered the true Unity of God only through the Holy Prophet, and have been bestowed the understanding of God only through this perfect Prophet and through his light. (Haqeeqatul Wahi, p. 115)
It is thus clear beyond doubt that the Promised Messiah, peace be on him, did not consider himself a prophet in his own right, but believed that God Almighty had bestowed upon him the title of prophet for the purpose of establishing the perfect law brought by the Holy Prophet, in his capacity as his follower and servant and that he was not given any new law.
Only a day before his death he made the following public declaration:
The charge leveled against me that I claim to be a prophet who has no connection with Islam and that I consider myself a prophet in my own right, who has no need of following the Holy Quran, and that I have proclaimed my own credo, and have established a new qibla, and declare the Islamic law as abrogated, and go outside the following of and obedience to the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, is wholly false. I consider such a claim of prophethood as amounting to disbelief. Not only today but in every one of my books I have affirmed that I lay no claim to any such prophethood and that this is a false allegation against me. The only reason that I call myself a prophet is that I am honored with the converse of God Almighty and that He speaks to me frequently and responds to me and discloses much of the unseen to me and communicates to me the mysteries of the future such that are not disclosed to anyone unless he enjoys special nearness to God. It is on account of the multiplicity of these experiences that I have been made a prophet. (Akhbare Aam, 26 May 1908)
He has stated:
Had I not been a follower of the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, and had not obeyed him, then even if my good deeds had reached the tops of mountains, I would not have been honored with the converse of God inasmuch as all prophethoods except the Muhammadi prophethood have come to an and.(Tajalliat Ilahiyah, p. 24)
The type of prophethood claimed by the Promised Messiah, peace be on him, is mentioned in the ahadees and in the writings of righteous Muslim divines of the past. The Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, has described the Promised Reformer who would appear among the Muslims as Allah's prophet and has repeated this four times (Muslim). According to the bulk of Muslims today, Jesus, who, according to them is alive in heaven with his earthly body, will come back again for the reform of Muslims. Assuming for a moment that this concept is justified, the question arises whether during his second advent he would be a prophet or not, for it is an accepted doctrine that a prophet is never deprived of his prophethood. If by his advent the Seal of Prophethood of the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, would not be broken, then how is it broken by the claim of the Promised Messiah, peace be on him, that he is a prophet by way of reflection of the Holy Prophet' Indeed, the advent of Jesus who was a prophet in Israel for the purpose of the reform of the Muslims is a humiliation for the Muslims and is contrary to the purport of the verse that describes the Holy Prophet as Khataman Nabiyeen (33:41). In this context, the Promised Messiah has observed:
If it is asked that the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, being Khataman Nabiyeen, how can any other prophet arise after him, the answer is that without a doubt no new or old prophet can come after the Holy Prophet as you believe that Jesus, being a prophet, would come in the latter days. Your doctrine is that for forty years Jesus would continue to be a prophet and a recipient of divine revelation, a period that by far exceeds the period of the prophethood of the Holy Prophet. Such a doctrine is, no doubt, sinful and its falsity is borne witness to by the verse: 'But he is the Messenger of Allah and Khataman Nabiyeen' (33:41); and by the hadees: 'There will be no prophet after me.' I am utterly opposed to all such doctrines and I have firm belief in the verse: 'But he is the Messenger of Allah and Khataman Nabiyeen' (33:41). This verse contains a prophecy of which our opponents are not aware, and that prophecy is that after the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, all doors of prophecy have been closed and that it is not possible now that a Hindu, or a Jew, or a Christian, or a merely formal Muslim, should be able to establish the applicability of the word prophet to himself. All windows of prophethood are now closed except the window of complete obedience to the Holy Prophet. Therefore, he who approaches God through this window is reflectively clothed with the same cloak of prophethood which is the cloak of the Muhammadi prophethood. The prophethood of such a one is not apart and distinct from the prophethood of the Holy Prophet, inasmuch as he does not claim it in his own right but receives everything from the fountain of the Holy Prophet, not for himself but for his glory. For this reason he is named Mohammed and Ahmad in heaven. This means that the prophethood of Mohammed is bestowed upon Mohammed by way of reflection and not upon anyone else. This verse, therefore, means that Mohammed is not the father of any man from amongst the men of the world but is the father of the men of the hereafter because he is the Khataman Nabiyeen and there is no way of access to Divine grace except through him.
Thus my prophethood and messengership derives from my being Mohammed and Ahmad and not on account of my own self. These names have been bestowed upon me on account of my utter devotion to the Holy Prophet. Therefore, the concept of Khataman Nabiyeen has not been contravened by my advent, but it would certainly be contravened by the advent of Jesus a second time. (Ek Ghalati Ka Izalah)
He has also stated:
Many people are misled by the use of the word prophet in my claim and imagine as if I have claimed a prophethood which was bestowed upon the prophets in earlier times, but they arc mistaken in so thinking. I have made no such claim. The Divine wisdom has bestowed this grace upon me that I have raised to the station of prophethood through the blessings of the grace of the Holy Prophet, so that the perfection of the spiritual grace of the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, might be established. Therefore, I cannot be designated only as prophet but as a prophet and a follower of the Holy Prophet at one and the same time. My prophethood is a reflection of the prophethood of the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, and is not a prophethood in its own right. That is why, both in the hadees and in my revelation, as I have been called a prophet, I have also been called a follower of the Holy Prophet so that it should be clear that every excellence that has been bestowed upon me has been bestowed through my following the Holy Prophet and through my obedience to him.(Haqeeqatul Wahi, p. 150)
Then he has said:
God is One and Mohammed, on whom be the peace and blessings of Allah, is His Prophet and he is the Khatamul Anbya and above all other prophets. After him there is no other prophet except one who is clothed in the cloak of Mohammed by way of reflection, for a servant has no identity apart from his master, nor is a branch distinct from its trunk. He who is bestowed the title of prophet on account of his complete absorption in his master does not contravene the Khatam-iNabuwat. When you observe your reflection in a mirror there are not two of you but only one, though there appear two; only one is the original and the other is his reflection. This is what God desired in the case of the Promised Messiah. (Kishti Nuh, p. 15)
All these writings make it clear that according to the Promised Messiah, peace be on him, after the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be on him, it is only the door of reflective prophethood which is open to a true and devoted follower of the Holy Prophet. Being a reflection of the Holy Prophet, he deemed himself as included in the identity of the Holy Prophet and claimed no separate and distinct position for himself. It must be remembered that the Promised Messiah, peace be on him, did not in any way claim to be law-bearing prophet or has claimed to be a prophet in his own right. He has categorically stated:
Keep well in mind that the door of law-bearing prophethood is firmly closed after the Holy Prophet and that there is no book after the Holy Quran which can bring new commandments or can abrogate any commandment of the Holy Quran or can suspend obedience to it. The Holy Quran is binding till the Day of judgment. (Al-Wasiyyat, P. 12)
Again, he has said:
God is the enemy of him who regards the Holy Quran as abrogated and acts contrary to the law of Islam and seeks to bring into operation his own law. (Chashmah Maarifat, P. 324)
He has affirmed:
I am a prophet, but my prophethood is not law-bearing which would abrogate the Book of Allah and put into effect a new book. I consider such a claim as amounting to disbelief in Islam.(Badar, 5 March 1908)
He has declared:
I have repeatedly affirmed that the truth and reality is that our lord and master, the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, is the Khatamul Anbya and after his there is no prophethood in its own right nor any new law. Anyone who claims differently is, without a doubt, faithless and rejected.(Chashmah,Maarifat, P. 324)
In view of all these declarations, no God-fearing, just person dare assert that the Promised Messiah, peace be on him, claimed to be a law-bearing prophet or a prophet in his own right.

My Khalifa, My Mentor

In 1956 I was a student of Jamiatu Mobashireen, Rabwah. In those days the students were not allowed to get married during their Jamia studies. My father wrote to me that it was his and my mother’s wish that I should get married in December 1956. My father suggested that I should write to Hazrat Khalifatul Mash II for special permission. He assured me that he will pray for the success of my application.
Before submitting my application I prayed vehemently. I then submitted my request to Huzoor and also sent a copy to the Principal, Hazrat Maulana Abul Ata Sahib. The Principal called me the next day and told me that there was absolutely no chance of the success of my request. Huzoor will never break the rule for your sake, he said. I kept quiet and left his office.

After a few days the Principal called me to his office. On entering the office the Principal handed over a letter to me from the Private Secretary.  The letter was from Huzoor to the Principal, instructing him to give me the permission to go ahead with my marriage plans. The Principal congratulated me and told me that I was the only one whose request for permission of marriage during Jamia studies had been granted by Huzoor. I immediately informed my father of the outcome of my request.

I was married on 10th December, 1956 in my village. As I did not have any accommodation at Rabwah I left my wife at the village and returned to Rabwah.  Rabwah was then a small village. To get rented accommodation was impossible. I tried my best to find suitable accommodation but was unsuccessful.

One day I read an advert in the Daily Alfazl that a house built by Huzoor for one of his wives was available for rent. The late Sharif Ashraf Sahib was the Private Secretary. He was a close friend of mine. I approached him and told him that I was interested in the house. He told me that it was a four bedroom house with two washrooms and a large courtyard on both sides of the house. He said that Huzoor had instructed him not to submit to him any application for renting the property which was less than Rs.120 per month. I told him that being a devotee of life I could not afford Rs.120 per month for renting a house. He said he was bound by the instructions of Huzoor.
I came out of his office with a heavy heart. Sharif Ashraf Sahib saw my disappointment and called me in his office again. He said that if I wrote to Huzoor about the reduction in the rent and sealed the envelope he would deliver it to Huzoor.

I wrote to Huzoor that it was impossible for me to get a suitable rented accommodation in Rabwah. My wife is in the village and I cannot call her over here to live with me. I said, that I was unable to pay Rs. 120 per month as rent as my total allowance from the Jamaat was Rs.65 per month.

The Private Secretary promptly took the sealed letter to Huzoor while I was waiting in his office. I had no hope of any reduction in the rent. After about half an hour the Private Secretary came back and told me that Huzoor wanted to know the amount that I could pay for the rent. I was happy that there was hope.

I wrote back and said that I could only afford R. 40 per month. This offer was considerably less than the asking rent and I felt nervous to submit it. However I sealed the envelope once again and gave to the Private Secretary. He took it to Huzoor while I was waiting in his office in a tense condition. He came back with a smiling face and told me that Huzoor has instructed him, that the keys be delivered to me forthwith. My joy knew no bounds. I thanked the Private Secretary and rushed to the Post office to send the glad tidings to my father.
I took charge of the house which was inside the Khandan enclosure. In a few days the house was ready for occupation. I went back to my village and brought Salima with me. My son Munir Ahmad was born in this house. I lived in this house for three years or more.

The Truth

The miracle of the growth of the Jamaat from such humble beginnings in such a (comparatively) short space of time is in itself a matter of inspiration and reinforces faith in the power of Almighty Allah and the covenant that he made with his humble disciple. Read More...

The Lion of Allah, the Almighty

The proclamation of the Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad to be the long awaited and foretold Promised Messiah was an event that caused a stir throughout India and led to a concerted campaign by opponents of every hue and colour from across the religious divide. It was an announcement that no normal person could have made without having the confidence and assurance that Allah was beside him, and would shield him from the storm and machinations of his opponents.

The Truth of the Promised Messiah

Ever since God Almighty has instituted the system of prophethood for the guidance of mankind, the opponents of these holy prophets, peace be on them, have always charged them with falsehood and untruth. They were called sorcerers and madmen and were described as disorderly and rebellious. Every prophet and God’s elect was treated in that manner. The same was the case with the Promised Messiah, Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian, peace be on him when he put forth his claim of being the Reformer of the age and the Promised Mehdi. Not only Muslim divines, but the leaders of other religions also rose up against him and assailed him with false charges and insupportable objections. Muslim divines proclaimed that his teaching was opposed to Islam and the practice of the Holy Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, and showered false charges upon him. These were the vicious divines concerning whom our Lord and master, Hazrat Muhammad, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, had prophesied thirteen hundred years in advance that is: Read More...

Ahmadiyyat and the British

An objection that is raised is that the Founder of the Ahmadiyya Movement described himself as a tree planted by the British and that he flattered the British and praised them unduly, which shows that his claim to prophethood had been sponsored by the British.
This charge is entirely false. The Promised Messiah, peace be on him, used the expression ‘a tree planted by the British’ concerning his forebears with reference to the services rendered by them to the British. He has not employed this expression anywhere concerning his claim, or his status. He wrote:

The Times Editorial - June 17th 1908

Actual article from the Times in 1908

Narrow Escape

In 1986 I was stationed in Rabwah as Vakilud Diwan in Tehriki Jadid Offices. I was well settled there and had constructed a comfortable four bedroom house in a prestigious locality of Rabwah for myself and my children. In the end of March of that Year, on the insistence of a few friends I decided to write Memoirs of my long companionship with Hazrat Chaudhri Muhammad Zafrullah Khan Sahib. I had developed close relationship with him since 1959 when I arrived in England as the Deputy Imam of the London Mosque.
It was my great fortune to play host to this great scion of Ahmadiyyat and a world leader from 1972 to 1979 when he retired from the International Court of Justice and settled in a top flat at the UK Mission House. I was then the Imam of the London Mosque and Missionary In charge of UK Ahmadiyya Muslim Mission. He occupied the top flat of the Mission House while I had the middle flat as my residence. My wife and children looked after him as he had no family members living with him in London.
In the end of 1979 I was recalled to the International Headquarters of the Ahmadiyya Movement at Rabwah. Read More...

Narrow Escape Pt 2

In 1953 I was a fourth year student at T.I. College Lahore. From the beginning of 1953 the Anti Ahmadiyya Ulemas (Clerics) had started a movement in Punjab to force the Government to declare Ahmadis as a non Muslim Minority in Pakistan. Majlis Ahrar was at the fore front of this Movement. They had some fire brand Orators who were trying to stir the emotions of the general Muslim population against us. Unfortunately the Punjab Government headed by Mian Mumtaz Daulatana was in league with them secretly and was funding them. They were given a free hand and all facilities were provided to them. Large amounts of funds were secretly given to some of the newspapers in Lahore to give full backing and publicity to them. Read More...

Ahmadiyyat Marches On

Let us look back into the past hundered years history of Ahmadyyat and the opposition of the anti Ahmadiyya maulvis and see on whose side was the hand of God working. We all know that from the very inception of Ahmadiyyat these biggoted maulvis have been trying their best to disrupt the onward march of the Ahmadiyya Movement but they met with utter failure and the march of Ahmadiyyat went forward from strength to strength. Every year hundreds of thousands of new converts join the movement all over the world. The seed of Ahmadiyyat has so far been planted in more than one hundered and fifty countries of the world. Thousands of new mosques are being built by the Jamaat in various countries of the world. Dozens of new Missionary colleges have been opened in Africa, Europe, Canada and Indonesia. Thousands of parents are devoting their new borns for the service of Islam and Ahmadiyyat. Hundreds of new books and magazines are being published all over the world by the Jamaat. Millions of needy and poor people are being helped by HUMANITY FIRST, a social welfare wing of the Jamaat. This help is given to all, irrespective of their religion, race or colour. The Ahmadiyya Jamaat has opened dozens of hospitals, hundereds of schools and thousands of free Homeopathic clinincs all over the world. Read More...

Furqan Force

In June 1948, I was ordered to report to the Commandant of the Furqan Force at Jhelum. I went to my village to get permission from my parents. I told my father that I had volunteered to fight the Indian Army on the Kashmir Front. My father was very happy that I had responded to the call of Hazrat Khalifatul Masih but my mother was greatly worried and sad. I was her eldest son and was very young. She became very emotional and wept when I bade her farewell. My father accompanied me to the nearest Railway Station to see me off. Read More...

A Memorable Picnic at Ghora Gali

In 1970 while I was with Hazrat Khalifatul Masih III as his Private Secretary we had picnics at various resorts. Once Hazrat M.M.Ahmad suggested that Huzoor should spend a few days at Ghora Gali Forest Rest House near Murree. He said he would reserve the Guest House whenever Huzoor wanted to go there.

Ghora Gali is situated 34 miles from Pindi, at a height of 5,000 feet. In olden days when horse drawn vehicles used to operate between Rawalpindi and Murree the horses would be changed here, hence the name Ghora, meaning horse. The Forest Rest House is situated in the midst of picturesque surroundings. The views of lush green hill from the Rest House are stunning. The Rest House is quite spacious with servant quarters and is in a secluded area. During the summer months when the mercury shoots up to 110 degrees in the plains the cool and refreshing air of Ghora Gali breaths a new life in one's veins. Read More...

Mrs Amatul Hafeez Salaam

The organisation of Lajna Imaullah was set up in London in the early fifties. The first President was Mrs. Naseem. She was the wife of Dr. Muhammad Naseem of Allahabad, India. Dr. Naseem was a retired Judge of Allahabad High Court. Mrs Naseem was very close to Begum Ikramullah,the wife of the then High Commissioner of Pakistan. Begum Ikramullah was the niece of Husain Shaheed Suhurwardi, who had served as the Prime Minister of Pakistan. Begum Ikramullah attended Lajna meetings at the mosque on many occasions.

Mrs Chaudhri Muhammad Ashraf took over from Mrs. Nasim, for a brief period, as Sadr Lajna London.In those early days Lajna was a very small organisation of a handful of ladies, but this was soon to change.